There is no standard size. Most people don't want to take up prime real estate on their desks, so I cut mine out 6" x 8" with 1/4" seam allowance. (That gives a total of 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" for the top and back panels). I cut the liner out 5 3/4" x 7 3/4" without seam allowances as to not add bulk to the seams.
Then I place my iron on the newspaper and press according to the Heat Bond directions on the package. Mine says 2 seconds with a dry, hot iron. This adheres the bonding to your fabric applique.
You will end up with all your fabric pieces together. Notice how I didn't cut out the chicken's tail where it attaches to the body. I leave a little overlap.
Peel all the paper off the fabric (heat bond and the freezer paper) and place your fabric pieces in the desired location on the rug top. Don't forget to overlap the joining fabrics. The yellow beak here will be put just under the blue body.
I cannot stress enough to test your machine stitches before heading to your project. I have to play with my tension a little. I usually keep it between a 5 and a 6. I have a Janome 3160 QDC. I use a zig zag stitch with the clear "F" foot (not the A foot as it says on the machine). I set my stitch width to 3 (you may need to go smaller for detail work) and my length between 0.4 and 0.5 (smaller for fabrics that fray). Test yours to see what works best. You can also use a blanket stitch if using felt or other material that will not ravel.
A note about thread tension. This is how I remember which way to turn the dial.
3) wing (only because it doesn't touch anything and it was red)
6) eggs (any order because they don't touch anything else)
Before you begin, lower and raise your needle and pull the bobbin thread up through the fabric, then pull the bobbin thread and needle thread behind your foot.
Outside curves, turn your fabric when the needle is on the outside of the applique fabric. Inside curves, turn your fabric when your needle is inside the applique fabric. This will keep you from getting gaps in your stitching. Raise your presser foot with the needle down and turn your fabric often when going around curves.
|Outside curves going around the top of the comb, inside curves making the dip in the top. |
The needle position in this picture is on the inside of the fabric.
|The eggs are outside curves so you turn your fabric when the needle is not on the egg, but on the edge of it as in the picture. |
The needle position in this picture is on the outside of the fabric.
Clip the corners and gently turn the rug out. I use a blunt chop stick to help me with the corners, but be careful not to poke it too hard, you'll warp the fabric (I know this from experience). Smooth your lining inside and take care to make sure it is flat - really flat. Fold down the seams where you left it open to turn to the inside 1/4" and press.
Top stitch around the edge. Depending on the pattern, I may use a wide decorative stitch. This will catch the edge of the liner and hold it in place. On this one, because of the characteristics of the burlap, I sewed a double stitch around the edge. I sewed 1/8" and 1/4" with the same thread that matched the burlap.
If you are using quilt batting as your liner, it will make your rug look more "poofy" than using the stiff stuff that I still don't know the proper name of. Some applique designs will allow you to add stitches to it to help quilt it together, such as the lines in the cupcake cup and the lines I put on the icing of the cupcake using a straight stitch. I put these in after I put the backing on.
I could have put a few straight stitch details in the wing or tail, but I wanted to come up with something cute. I decided hay would do the trick. I just took two strands of thread - light brown and straw colored. With a needle, I ran the thread through the front, connecting the front to the back, and tied a knot in the front with the two ends. I cut every other one shorter to give it some depth. It worked great to quilt it.
I made several of the chicken design with different fabrics. I used black with white polka dots for the body with the red polka dot pattern shown here. I used white for the eggs. It turned out nice.
Here's some more that I have made.
Thanks to Wee Folk Art for this free cupcake applique pattern. There's more on their blog, so let's show some love.
|Free motion quilting gave this one extra dimension|
|This gives you an idea of the size I made mine. Just big enough to hold a mug and a snack or two.|
I made this one for a cousin that was kind enough to pick up a Bo-Jo fish light for me and bring it all of 10 hours in the car when she came home for Thanksgiving. She is a band director, so the music note was appropriate for her desk.
Happy mug rug making! I love to see your projects, hear your ideas, and read your comments.
Feel free to use my stuff, but please link it back to me.
I have learned that the "stiff stuff I don't know the name of" is stabilizer
I have also posted more pictures of the mug rugs I have completed. See them by clicking MugRugs at the right, under topics, or use the link here.